Security Testing

What is IoT Testing?

The Internet of Things (IoT) encompasses all products that are connected to the internet or to each other. Many manufacturers have no prior experience with networked devices and are bound to overlook software security design. With over 50 billion IoT devices connected to the internet, the number of security risks that consumers and businesses are prone to facing will increase exponentially.

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How does IoT work?

IoT Penetration Testing (a.k.a. IoT Pentest, IoT VAPT, IoT Pen Testing) tests the security hygiene of an IoT device. It identifies if a device can be altered to complete an unauthorized task, whether the authentication requirement can be easily bypassed or if vulnerabilities could be abused.

An IoT environment mostly includes the following components: Network, Applications, Firmware, Encryption and Hardware. The testing process for IoT is inherently more complicated because there is more hardware, software, and communication protocols involved. Given the variability of IoT devices, every test approach is unique and calls for creativity to cover all possible bases of attacks on a device.

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Objective of this assessment

Strengthen device security
Prevent loss of control
Protect against breaches of sensitive data

Approach & Methodology

The IoT Penetration Testing methodology is based upon industry standards, including but not limited to the OWASP Internet of Things. The OWASP Top 10 for IoT provides a good baseline for penetration testing, it includes:

Weak, guessable, or hardcoded passwords
Insecure network services
Insecure ecosystem interfaces
Lack of secure update mechanism
Use of insecure or outdated components
Insufficient privacy protection
Insecure data transfer and storage
Lack of device management
Insecure default settings
Lack of physical hardening